The use of whole grains is very popular with Vietnamese people because of its high nutritional content and good for health. Let’s learn about the effect of cereal as well as Indian methi seeds on human health through the following article:
How is cereal healthy?
The nutritional composition of grains is often unbalanced, Glucid accounts for 70-80%, so it is considered a source of energy supply; In addition, it contains protein, minerals and vitamins. The outer part of the grain is located just below the crust that is different from the inner structure, called Aloron. Aloron class is rich in nutrients such as mineral protein and vitamin B group. The inner part is mainly starch with specific characteristics of each cereal. Cereal germ has many precious factors, mainly lipids and lecithin. In wheat germ lipid, 50% of unsaturated fatty acids have multiple double vessels. There are vitamins in E and K.
Nutrient content in grains is nearly the same. In terms of quantity, the top rank is easily absorbed Glucid, in the form of starch; simple sugars have very little; In addition, there are also unabsorbed Glucid such as Cellulose, Pentose and Glucin – mainly in the composition of the seed skin, cell walls, varying with each milling rate. Protein intake of cereals usually ranges from 6-15%. Protein content of rice grain is lower than corn and wheat. There are 4 main types of protein in protein content of the seeds: Albumin, Globulin, Prolamin and Glutelin. Specifically:
- Albumin has the least, concentrated mainly in germ. These are simple proteins, soluble in water, freezing at 70-80 degrees C, there are many amino acids containing sulfur and very few Glycins;
Globulin accounts for about 10-20% Protein is also simple proteins, insoluble in water and dilute Acid but soluble in salt solution 12.
- Prolamin is a simple protein specific for cereal grains, contains a lot of Prolin, glutamic acid but has less Lysine and Tryptophan (especially Zein of corn). Prolamine accounts for about 30-50% of total protein
- Glutelin accounts for about 25-50% of the total protein equivalent to Prolamin and also concentrates in the outer part of the grain. In addition, Gluten is a mixture of Prolamin and Glutelin, insoluble in water but made with water into a paste, which is elastic, elastic and sticky. Proteins of rice without Prolamin should not use rice to make bread like bread. The content of minerals in cereals ranges from 2-4%, mostly concentrated in the outer layer, mainly in the Aloron class. High in phosphorus and sulfur content, food from cereals has the characteristic to cause acidosis. Although there is a lot of potassium and magnesium, it is not balanced. Phosphorus in cereals is mostly in Phitic Acid form. Due to high levels of Phitic Acid, absorption rates of calcium, iron and magnesium are reduced. Many trace elements are present in cereals concentrated in the inner part of the grain.
Like minerals, group B vitamins are mainly in the outer layer of cereals, relatively high compared to other foods but vary depending on the milling rate. Thiamin content ranges from 0.4 to 01 mg%, Riboflavin 0.1-0.3 mg%, Niacin 1.0-04mg%. Among fat-soluble vitamins, there are vitamins E and K; in cereals without vitamins A and C
Thus, we can see that cereals have a very low fat content but have high levels of vitamins and minerals, which helps to provide adequate nutrients for the body. For this reason, every breakfast with cereal to gain weight is extremely effective without causing side effects. High-fiber cereals are good for the digestive system, not for bloating, bloating like many other nutritious foods. For people with high levels of cholesterone in the blood, using cereal flour regularly maintains the best health without causing weight gain, without affecting the accumulation of fat and blood sugar.
Which cereals should be used?
As listed above, Vietnam is the cradle of many nutritious cereals with ingredients suitable for all subjects and different uses.
For those who want to lose weight can use cereals including beans, brown rice, sesame, peanuts to supplement nutrients without causing sugar and fat accumulation.
For people who are hot, use black beans, green beans, lotus seeds, sesame seeds to increase metabolism and circulation, cooling and liver toxicity.
Those who want to take care of smooth and smooth skin should use cereals including green beans, soybeans, and black sesame. This cereal just helps to lighten the skin, while helping the first round more plump.
People who want to gain weight should use cereals that contain high levels of corn. Corn rich in protein, fat, carbonhydrate, mineral salts, vitamins, especially vitamin A is very nutritious and an abundant source of energy for the body. From corn can be processed into many attractive weight gain menus for lean people and cereals is the simplest way you can apply.